عنوان مقاله [English]
Purpose: In expression of Casual Layered Analysis, when Soheil Inayatullah separates four layers of future; he meets a foundational problem in social science that how human actions explained in social context? The paper works on this challenge.
Methods: In this paper, we first survey casual layered analysis briefly; then study the dialing of this method with a fundamental problem of social science with explaining of humanistic action in social context and shows the resemblance of Inaytullah methods with thoughts of Roy Bhaskar’s critical realism, Karl Popper’s falsifiability and Friedrich von Hayek’s ideas for the problem.
Findings: Our analyses and corresponds four layers to four types of future study leads to two critiques. First, Inayatullah denies the possible usage of mathematical tools for Litany layer and he somehow confirms the non-empirical views, second after surveying mathematical and philosophical idea of hierarchy in the first half of the twentieth century. this criticism and question come up in common understanding that how many facts are there that has been talked so reckless about levels of reality and future?
Conclusion: based on hierarchy theory, when Inayatullah separates the layers of future; he refers an index to each layer, which differs with ordinary and conventional understanding of the future.